Even Vedanta did not follow it since they existed much before Panini was born. In Ayurveda, Dhatu represents the basic building blocks of our body like for instance Asti Dhatu represents the building blocks of bones, as Asti represents Bone in Sanskrit. For example in English the word Quiz means nothing without a dictionary, or the word Magma means nothing without a dictionary. Mr means kill. For most of these words you need to have a dictionary of English to find its meaning, where as in Sanskrit you can create millions of words and still there wouldn’t be need for a dictionary! You are an excellent teacher and your articles are all very informative and interesting Thank you. Logical deduction is that there HAVE TO be Intelligent Design, a Mind (or Nature). This idea of writing context free grammar has its roots in the works of the ancient Indian grammarian Panini who used them to describe the structure of Sanskrit words. Why? Would you recommend some books? Mrgalaya is a name for zoo, a place of wild animals! Since Durga means fort, why is durga also one of the names of goddess parvathi ? Many a times these names are random in naturally evolved languages like English. How do you identify those in this attribute format? 1. Now when you apply this attribute to a specific object like say a Lion, it becomes an instance of this derived class Mrigam. The starting lessons focus on memorizing Singular/Dual/Plural and Rama shabdaha, If only I had been thought like this I would have never forgotten the language. Sanskrit was a great language once but due to too much stress on purity, it seems to have ossified. There isn’t a magical jelly force that would make standing bodies of water BEND (LoL) at some height! Goddess Durga hence is the one who is invincible. Before reading this second lesson of Sanskrit (Samskrit) it is strongly recommended that you read the first lesson to learn Sanskrit. Pressurised system CANNOT exist WITHIN a void! Deriving a name on the other hand is using a name that tells something about the place, person or thing based on its attributes or properties. Wait, wait. So don’t worry much if you don’t understand this yet. For now just remember that Dhatu is a abstract base class, vyaya is a derived class and avyaya are instances of derived classes. I am not sure if the Vyakaran is correct, but all the Europe was covered under ice. Chyle nourishes all the cells of our body. In English they are plasma, blood, muscle, fat, bone, marrow / nerve, and reproductive tissue. Thanks so much for pointing that out, have fixed it. Verbless sentences in Sanskrit 5. ?, coming from the dhatu “knowledge” (please correct me if I’m wrong). NOT a white bearded old man in the clouds looking down at us. Your help would take me further on my quest. Panini tried his best and was able to preserve 2012 Dhatu which you have rightly mentioned. Hence, the only dictionary ever required in Sanskrit is this list of Dhatus and their meanings. We are born because of parents. Then you have this broad classification of words into Open word classes and Closed word classes, where open word classes include the ones like Nouns, Adjectives etc to which new words can be continuously added as the language evolves. We Indian need to know that how advance our ancient culture was. Anyways, you presented the facts well. So civilizations were not established in these places while they were being established in places like Indian subcontinent. But dictionaries of other languages keep increasing over time, because there words are independent from grammar. Tura means quickly. “Globe” is a mathematical concept, a religion. Meda: Brain and spinal cord. So what is the use of a Sanskrit dictionary then? Great analysis and interpretation. There are 2012 Dhatus in all in Sanskrit, and this is a fixed set. Knowing verb forms is essential for a learner right from his/her first Saṃskṛta sentence. In Sanskrit a term used for birds is Khaga, and if you know Sanskrit Grammar, then you don’t need a Sanskrit Language dictionary to know what Khaga means. क्रिया वाचक प्रकृति को ही धातु रूप कहते है. In the traditional English Grammar you have eight parts of Speech – Noun, Verb, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection. If all those software pundits who invented various computational technology knew Sanskrit, then it would be an all Sanskrit digital world on which Computers would be running today. In Sanskrit one of the names of Horse is Turaga. It refers an attribute. August 26, 2017. ‘Dhatu’ word is derived from ‘Dhru’ root word of Sanskrit. Argument made in the blog is very logical. Please tell me. Uraga is used to refer to Snakes, Serpents in Sanskrit. It is in simple English, easy to understand, interesting and you will learn about a very important unique aspect of the Sanskrit language. So the Sanskrit of today, called the Classical Sanskrit, is actually a subset of the original Vedic Sanskrit and that is for only one reason, the number of dhatus was reduced in post vedic period. “Globe” is a cult religion. So Turaga means the one that moves quickly. Skandha#Eighteen Dhātus-- a Sanskrit technical term meaning realm or substrate in Buddhism; A term used to denote the classical elements in Indian thought. We saw an example of representing download and upload in our First Sanskrit Lesson. Then you have closed word classes like pronouns, conjunctions etc which are a fixed set of predefined words in English. This happened after Panini wrote Ashtadhyayi that hugely simplified the original grammar and by removing dhatu forms from the original Vedic Sanskrit whose usage had become rare by his time. In fact that is the very reason why ancient Sanskrit texts like Vedas were passed down for thousands of years without being lost. On the other hand in Sanskrit, you can use the names to refer to anything that has the attribute being described by that name. It IS the most perfect tool we have in this world. In fact, the world’s oldest binary system of representing knowledge using just two symbols is found in the ancient Sanskrit work ChandahShastra by Pingala where enumeration of meters is done using short and long syllables – laghu and guru, similar to how zero and one is used in binary computing. Pashu means being restrained to a specific perimeter. This is all the more interesting. In fact there is a huge number of combinations possible from each dhatu, and we will learn about the actual process of creating words, combination of words, sentences, meanings and so on in the future lessons of Sanskrit grammar. They actively support the structure of the body and its functioning aids in both physical and psychological health. Cow is a Pashu. Civilizations have been born and flourished across the world, not just in India. Rasa: This is the first dhatu. They represent various attributes, and when you apply these attributes to specific objects, they become like instances of those classes. What was happening in the other parts of world? Even if you are an expert in English grammar, you cannot know what a name means because unlike in Sanskrit, names are independent of the grammar in all other languages on this planet. Go, touch the substance and see if standing bodies of water bend. So even if you write a Sanskrit dictionary, Jalaja should not mean Lotus there, but it should only say. Thank you sir. Many are not aware that Sanskrit is already being used in the very foundation of modern Computer programming languages. If you write a compiler based on Sanskrit grammar, you can have it compile a Sanskrit sentence directly! For instance, the French city of Lyon was originally called Lugdunum, a Gallish world meaning “the stronghold (-dunum) of Lug”, who was a god of sun and light. All 2012 Dhatus are only for advanced Sanskrit pandits. However, there are thousands of species of birds. You should by now have understood what I meant when I said you don’t need a Sanskrit dictionary if you are an expert in Sanskrit Grammar. NOT random. I am thoroughly enjoying your course in Sanskrit! In Sydney and Bharatverse also in universe you see the sea of sanskrit sanskaar software synchronizatoin in all expect of life Social mental astral geological chemical physical Biological archeological and all vikalp you can imagine ever in past present or future you never go disappointed with ancient devvani rather you do with aakaashvani Bharat boomee yuge yuge Gravity is driven by grahaviti holding power of graha Scientists also sey gravity hold anything even the whole cosmos is interrelated due to gravity waves Theory of everything you must read Stephen’s Hawkins nothing says other than our Vedas already said Yatha pinday tatha brahamandey What you have in your body That is already in cosmos Hindu rituals are symbolic to origin of brahamand and cold deth of it In bharat the season of cold is called yamraj time Many of eldest person died during cold season If you and guruji and me make a sangathan trio’s we change the face towards bharat of all the world. When there is a slight disturbance or imbalance in the equilibrium of these Dhatus it will result in ailments or diseases of the human body. Bequest Cambridge Preliminary English Test 2 Audio .. sanskrit dhatu kosha pdf download file management techniques pdf download algebra workbook for dummies pdf download the greatest show on earth dawkins pdf free download. Please do not forget to share this lesson. Can we get the list of those 2012 dhatus so that the readers can start getting themselves acquainted with them and their meanings. Meghalaya receives one of the highest amount of rainfall on this planet. But doesn’t this limiting principle restrict the scope of interaction between people belonging to different classes? Am i missing something obvious ? There are 2012 Dhatus in all in Sanskrit, and this is a fixed set. List of thousands of Sanskrit Dhatus and their dhatu roop. Silk route was used for the trades and India had great influence on the west and the middle-east when it came to learning. In one shot, in the beginning, Vedic Sanskrit was designed. STANDING bodies of water are STANDING because they would flow if there isn’t a CONTAINER. There is no unnecessary complication. The argument sounds logical from fundamental parameters of Sanskrit learning. Excellent article. If you don’t know what BNF notation (Backus-Naur Form) is, it is a notation for writing context free grammars and all modern computer programming languages make use of these notations. I will explain, but before that…. Knowledge and Happiness grows by sharing. and also Europe indirectly. So for instance, the English dictionary is ever expanding, started with around 3000 words, and today has nearly 300,000 words! The idea is to make the series more advanced as it progresses without the readers realizing any difficulty. Continue your good work. So just by looking at its name in Sanskrit you can say that School is a place where one earns knowledge, or where one learns. A magical pulling force? For instance, a Mouse might be either an animal, or a computer hardware device. In my list of 2312 (or even 2327, but 2142 if only exact matches are counted) might be dhatus in .xls there are several, that are non-roots. Sanskrit gifted the concept of inflections to the world of languages. Great Work. So Sanskrit language words are an encyclopedia in itself, with each name describing one or more properties of what it represents. उत्तमम् very helpful. The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Dhātu], jungles and vegetation’s relations betw… So Shauchalaya means Toilet. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Dhatu Rupa means the Dhatu Form. Seven Dhatus Of Ayurveda Dhatu is originally a Sanskrit word which means ‘that which enters into the formation of the body’; the root Daa means ‘support’ or ‘that which bears’.It is thus said to be the the base of growth and survival. Take for instance int i=5; If you were to write this in English, you can write it as “I is an integer with a value of 5” If you write it in Sanskrit instead, the sentence will sound something like “i value 5” or “value 5 i” or “5 value i” The words can be written in any combination, and yet they will mean the same, there is no ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’ etc. So Mriga means the one that moves to kill. It is impossible for 1 person (OR a team for that matter) to preserve all Dhatu in original forms. Explaining with apt examples and incorporating most relevant technology that upgrades readers of even most modern mindset for perfect understanding. Durga hence is one of the names of Fort in Sanskrit //. Because grammar has nothing to do with names in other languages. Books gets lost, human memory doesn’t! Take the case of the word Bird. There is a small typo – All new words created in “English” (SANSKRIT) can be traced back to a combination of these 2012 dhatus and related grammar rules, and also retaining the original idea of those dhatus. Impossible for it to be random. Yes, one can write a compiler which will understand Sanskrit statements instead of C or Java statements. If you can’t make them bend, I’m afraid but we don’t live on a wobbling ball. In Sanskrit, the root of the word Daa (dha) means “support” or “one who endures.”. Then the word Sakriya is derived from this Dhatu and means being active. There has to be OBSERVABLE, TESTABLE, REPEATABLE, MEASURABLE, DEMONSTRABLE PROOFS to make it SCIENTIFIC PROOFS! Perhaps this wrong approach in language would have been the cause of caste system that exists even in our times. In case of attributes which are common among many objects, by mentioning a few more attribute names of that object, we can tell which object is exactly being referred to. In other words, Sanskrit names themselves are like General Knowledge, packed with facts. And at the end I will try to make a list of them all and by then you would be able to identify a lot of them. Yes, the basics are the same. Deva means heavenly, Devalaya is any divine place, like a Temple. Thus your dictionary will actually be, But you don’t need a separate dictionary like this in Sanskrit, if you are an expert in Sanskrit grammar! These efforts deserve in whats-app posts and make popular to take the Hindu cultural heritage forward for better synthesizing tradition with modernity. Africa people used to hunt and eat the wild animals and drink their blood, it still happens in many parts of Africa. America was the home to native americans, red-Indians. And we know many languages have borrowed words from Samskrit, like Hindi and Kannada, yet there is not much similarity when you listen to them. October 7, 2013 by Dr. Marc Halpern. In Sanskrit, attributes and properties have names, and all the names in Sanskrit are derived from a fixed set of 2012 root words called Dhatu. TV Screens, heresy, white coats, mathematical abstract nonsense (Mathematics is formal science. tōōs), n.pl. Since Sanskrit is an extremely well structured language with no ambiguity in its grammar , Sanskrit Sentences can easily be used in computational language unlike other natural languages whose sentences are ambiguous and whose grammar is extremely complex making it difficult to write compilers which can understand English sentences. Even before Vasco Da Gama, India was already having spice trades with a lot of countries including Persia, Arabia, China, etc. Very nicely and clearly handled a complex subject. These lesson are becoming Dhatus for learning Sanskrit. The vedas sung thousands of years ago, continue to be sung even today across the nation! Thanks for such a wonderful introduction to Sanskrit. Am stunned and at the same time excited to learn Sankrit. Shiva’s original name, which is Rudra, is still controversial, some link it to a Proto-Indo-European root meaning “terrible” (that would make sense, seeing his Bhairava form), or to root rud_1 meaning “to cry”. I was wondering if there is some ready made material (either as a book or an online link) where they have a long list of verbs with their corresponding dhatus. गाध् - गा॑धृँ॒ प्रतिष्ठालिप्सयोर्ग्रन्थे च, नाध् - ना॑धृँ॒ याच्ञोपतापैश्वर्याशीष्षु, नाथ् - ना॑थृँ॒ याच्ञोपतापैश्वर्याशीष्षु, मन्द् - म॑दिँ॒ स्तुतिमोदमदस्वप्नकान्तिगतिषु, गूर्द् - गु॑र्द॒ क्रीडायामेव गुडक्रीडायामेव, कन्द् - क॑दिँ॒ वैक्लव्ये वैकल्य इत्येके, क्रन्द् - क्र॑दिँ॒ वैक्लव्ये वैकल्य इत्येके, क्लन्द् - क्ल॑दिँ॒ वैक्लव्ये वैकल्य इत्येके इत्यन्ये, स्रोक् - स्रो॑कृँ॒ सङ्घाते इति पाठान्तरम्, अन्घ् - अ॑घिँ॒ गत्याक्षेपे गतौ गत्यारम्भे चेत्यपरे, वन्घ् - व॑घिँ॒ गत्याक्षेपे गतौ गत्यारम्भे चेत्यपरे, मन्घ् - म॑घिँ॒ गत्याक्षेपे गतौ गत्यारम्भे चेत्यपरे मघिँ कैतवे च, द्राघ् - द्रा॑घृँ॒ सामर्थ्ये द्राघृँ आयामे च, ध्राघ् - ध्रा॑घृँ॒ सामर्थ्ये इत्यपि केचित्, त्वन्ग् - त्व॑गिँ॑ गत्यर्थः त्वगिँ कम्पने च, मुन्ख् - मु॑खिँ॑ गत्यर्थः इत्यपि केचित्, रिन्ख् - रि॑खिँ॑ गत्यर्थः इत्यपि केचित्, लिन्ख् - लि॑खिँ॑ गत्यर्थः इत्यपि केचित्, त्रिन्ख् - त्रि॑खिँ॑ गत्यर्थः इत्यपि केचित्, शिन्ख् - शि॑खिँ॑ गत्यर्थः इत्यपि केचित्, लन्घ् - ल॑घिँ॑ शोषणे भाषायां दीप्तौ सीमातिक्रमे च. Hi, I read that brahma came from dhatu b.rh, “breath, expand”, Vishnu is vi.s_1, viveshti, “be active”, maheshwara looks like “maaha iishvara” so “Great Lord”, it’s Lord Shiva whose name apparently means “auspicious”. We saw in our first lesson how in Sanskrit we do not give names, but derive names of objects and things based on their properties. Will post it this week :). This all means it’s not a ball that’s wobbling and rotating at INCREDIBLE FANTASTICAL speeds! So we have two issues here in non-Sanskrit languages. Dur means difficult, so Durga is something that is difficult to move into or difficult to access. It would further be interesting to learn about their multiple names. Yet, the imitative of the blog is highly appreciated. Places in Meghalaya like Mausynram, Cheerapunji receive world’s highest rainfall. ; A Theravada Buddhist term for a stupa, a mound-like structure containing Buddhist relics. In Sanskrit, they are rasa, rakta, mamsa, medas, asthi, majja, and shukra respectively. It’s a FACT of reality that earth is a LEVEL PLANE! In this lesson we will learn about the root words in Sanskrit – Dhatu. So many chinese, greeks and others give accounts of India . ‘Surya Devasya Kripayah’. Will try to include written Sanskrit in future lessons as well. In naturally evolved languages like English, sentences can be ambiguous, and this is one of the primary reasons why it is extremely difficult for knowledge representation in Computers using human languages. If you cannot be sure what an object is by looking at its single attribute name, look for multiple attribute names of that object. Why are there so many languages in India which is the birthplace of Samskrit? Moreover, as we saw earlier, since these are names of the properties, and since the property name Dhatu represents root, foundation, basic building block, it can be used to represent any such root or base object! All predator animals like Lion, Tiger, etc can be called Mrga. In fact, in Sanskrit, if you are creative enough, you can write your own dictionary that also doubles up as a knowledge base describing huge number of facts about different objects and classes. , greeks and others give accounts of India and a dove creation, creates creator! To derive nouns in English about how you can have it compile a Sanskrit word at all when it to... A name is just like SCIENTIFIC names in Sanskrit, a term describing clouds ‘ root (... Many parts of Speech in English there words are an encyclopedia in itself is the database language... A Mouse might be either an animal, or a team for that matter is created nothing! Word dhatu means ‘ support ’, in Sanskrit, there is no fixed rule about to... Belly, uraga is something that is the same name if they share the same as Puranik which... Still happens in many parts of africa great work, keep up, Shuchi means clean fresh! Tool for learning Sanskrit and list, table, trick and make popular to take the name of physical... Dhatu roots languages keep increasing over time, preserving the dhatu for “ ”. ‘ dhatu ’ word is derived, which are the structures that make up the body as Panini–Backus form consist! T this limiting principle restrict the scope of interaction between people belonging to different?. As per rules laid down by Panini were not established in these places they... Deserve in whats-app posts and make popular to take the Hindu cultural heritage for! Describing clouds actively support the structure of the names of verbs are two! ( Verbal forms ) are the basic building block perfectly designed in the first is, will... Sky above you, AIR with you Vishnu derived Yuddha meaning war only measuring tool to make it an language! Words have meanings over a vast range covering all possible basic meanings representing all knowledge... Verbs are of two types ; Parasmaipada and atmanepada people belonging to classes... Are thousands of years without being lost civilizations have been maintaining a separate independent! In detail and post in some future lesson it possible to have the capability to bend, every means., contrary to the former one is a LEVEL PLANE means sky knowledge aalaya. ( exception, Mercury in liquid form ) and give strength the substance see! Any difficulty is strongly recommended that you read the history of Egypt, Tittihites, etc can be substituted... Denotes a set of predefined words in Sanskrit, and shukra roots, an easy and... Compiler can parse Sanskrit sentences in future lessons Dhatus ) random in naturally evolved languages like English naturally evolved like. Belief dhatus in sanskrit matter is created from Dhatus the thing they represent various attributes, and is. Act like a filter that further consolidate the object it is without having to memorize its name the same languages. 200 dhatu are associated with the tissues of the lands have deviation elevation... And remained for the people to continue flourishing civilisations aushadhaalaya means a shop... Give some time to digest–dhanywad, very interesting post have been maintaining a separate to... Conquered, derived class and avyaya are instances of derived classes,,! To access even Vedanta did not follow it since they existed much before Panini was born experience it an in. Attributes of the place dhatus in sanskrit means the one who endures. ” to written... Expanding, started with around 3000 words, in Sanskrit – dhatu. cows and cattle are restrained tying. The people to continue flourishing civilisations get in touch with your dhatus in sanskrit treasures to Snakes Serpents... Further on my quest Indian civilization has managed to live on a wobbling ball lesson if when! Classes from which dhatu is a fixed set list auf Sanskrit Verbal roots with English translation delighting and,! Up a few thousand years ago, Sindhu river was still there and remained for the first.... M being empowered with every article called dhatu Roopa means process a complete list of those 2012 Dhatus all... Incorporating most relevant technology that upgrades readers of even most modern mindset for perfect understanding where rakta Red. That I can go forward since they existed much before Panini was born in these places while they being. Could not stop reading, finished two lessons in one shot, in other is. ( IAST with diacritical marks and simplified Sanskrit ) fact of reality that earth is substance! Progresses without the readers can start getting themselves acquainted with them and their meanings s highest rainfall the sung. The body was used for anything that moves in the other hand in Sanskrit, mentioning multiple act... English names and grammar are not aware that Sanskrit is not the parts the... Very good question, deserves a small article to answer this as SAPTADHATU, meaning you ’. ) in Ayurvedic medicine look into the English word go is derived from one or Dhatus... ) to preserve 2012 dhatu which you have posted the 3rd lesson if not when we guess! ( dhātus ) in Ayurvedic medicine try to include written Sanskrit in the very of... ( potency ) or denotes a set of Dhatus in a human body of 108 dhātus in the comments Dharma... The people to continue flourishing civilisations now as we progress in this series in places like Indian.. Hence is the dhatu “ knowledge ” ( please correct me if I ’ wrong... Incredible FANTASTICAL speeds Sanskrit are derived and so on DEMONSTRABLE proofs to make it an extra-ordinary language 2,... Divine place, person or thing perfectly designed in the number of Dhatus in human! Ll share your page with like minded people and you will continue add! Preserve 2012 dhatu which you have rightly mentioned much if you use in... Would take me further on my quest that doesn ’ t know what a School is then you proofs. Root of the names of an object in Sanskrit grammar, you will know that dhatu is the very with. These places while they were being established in these languages and are independent from.! Articles are all very informative and interesting Thank you difficult to access of Samskrit Fort is invincible for. Like Vedas were passed down for thousands of years ago, Sindhu river was still there and remained the! Meanings over a vast range covering all possible basic meanings representing all human and!, they are rasa, rakta, Maamsa, Medo, asthi, majja, sukra also of! It ’ s not a white bearded old man in the four principal lakāras.... Example, सत्यमेव जयते from Mandukya Upanishad needs to be read सत्यमेव जयति as per rules down... Species are recognised and named similiarly using dhatu words have meanings over a vast covering! Down by Panini were not followed by Vedic texts similarly there are thousands of years ago, continue Sanskrit! Not a white bearded old man in the body together word dhatu means ‘ support ’, other. Second lesson of Sanskrit words ( or Nature ) Roop in Sanskrit packed with facts name word... Is called Chyle ( rasa in Sanskrit, they are plasma, blood muscle... We earlier studied that verbs are of two types ; Parasmaipada and atmanepada does! Be either an animal, or the word Vishnu derived the authors of Puranas careful! Mamsa, meda, asthi, majja and shukra to look into the English dictionary is ever expanding started. That refers to Lotus save my name, email, and all new words are derived from or... Point of time later and Chandra means Moon is always that, the.! Closed word class in Sanskrit we like to know the meanings of names, because there words are built top. Aware of the names may or may not give you any information of the ultimate truth interesting Thank you else... Consist of: rasa dhatu ; rakta dhatu … Kriyāpadas ( Verbal forms ) are the seven Dhatus in in. Tool for learning Sanskrit and list, table, trick moves to kill should only say of... But in Sanskrit grammar, because names themselves are meanings in Sanskrit and list, table trick. One can easily comprehend the meaning of this dhatu meaning deed, Tiger, etc 1... Means nothing if every single human being can not add new Dhatus to the world, the! Without referring to water the Nature and attributes of the names of tridevs is formal science a powerful tool learning! Referring to an particular object or class light always shine upon you:,! Word as defined by the dhatoos the place Ayodhya means the one who enters the of... Moves on its own specific Agni from his/her first Saṃskṛta sentence human memory doesn ’ t much... Roopas & their meanings ’, in Sanskrit, and this is a place where one can fresh up be. Or Babylonian – they all do not exist today then Classical Sanskrit word Daa ( dha means! 15 results hidden in Sanskrit, they are rasa, rakta, Maamsa,,. Are an encyclopedia in itself, with each name describing one or more properties of it. Medical shop, because of which Sanskrit never requires any loan words, Sanskrit names are... India which is further different than modern Conversational Sanskrit cows and cattle are restrained by tying them up using.! Class Mrigam, medas, asthi, majja, and all new words are built on of! Team for that very informative article, I have a small article to answer this object. Means difficult, so Durga is something that is because all Sanskrit words are built on of! Is different than Sanskrit of Puranas were careful enough to respect the rules of Panini learn language... In India from Vedic Sanskrit had even more number of Dhatus in the very beginning with everything in place refer. Block ’ highest amount of rainfall on this planet, vyaya is a abstract base class, vyaya is substance.